While the signs are noticed by the doctor and people around the addict, the symptoms are known to the addict alone. An example of a symptom is a patient reporting sleepiness while a sign would be someone noticing dilated pupils.
Substance dependence is when someone is addicted to a something like drugs or alcohol and they are not able to control their use of the substance. Although the user may not know that there is a potential to get hurt, they will keep taking it, even though it can cause harm.
Being dependant on a substance can lead to strong cravings. It's possible that the addict wants to stop taking the substance but finds it really hard to do so on his or her own.
The signs and symptoms of substance reliance change as indicated by the individual, the substance they are dependent on, their family history (hereditary qualities) and individual conditions.
Some signs and symptoms of abuse could be:
Unsuccessful attempts at stopping - the person taking the substance, like nicotine, alcohol, or other drugs, has made at least on serious try at stopping and was unable to.
Withdrawal symptoms - the mood and physical state of the person is affected when the level of such substance in the body of that person is altered. Some of these symptoms include cravings, moodiness, lack of focus, depression, frustration, anger, or resentment.
There may be abruptly increased craving. Sleeplessness is a typical symptom of withdrawal. Some patients will have troubled bowel movements or running stomachs. Depending on the drug, some will cause the person to be aggression, shivering, convulsions, delusions and perspirations.
Addiction proceeds in spite of medical issue awareness - the individual keeps taking the substance frequently, despite the fact that they have created diseases associated to it. For instance, a smoker may keep smoking even after a lung or heart condition prevails.
Social sacrifices happen as activities are given up because of the addiction. For instance, a heavy drinker may reject an invitation to go outdoors or spend a day out on a boat if no alcohol is accessible, a smoker may choose not to join up with companions in a sans smoke bar or eatery.
Keeping a good supply - the person always makes sure they have access to the substance, even if they don't have a lot of money. To ensure that the substance is as abundant as possible, sacrifices may be made to the household's budget.
Taking risks (1) - now and again the dependent individual ensure he/she can get his/her substance, for example, taking or exchanging sex for cash/drugs.
Risky behaviours (2) - could also occur as a result of being under the influence, such as reckless driving.
Stress management - Addicts usually feel they cannot handle issues without fortifying themselves with the drug.
Obsession - figuring out the best way to access their substance and how to use it may occupy a greater part of their time and energy
Serenely and isolation - much of the time the addict may take their substance alone and even in mystery.
Lack of acceptance - Many people addicted people refuse to accept. They (are oblivious of or) ignore the fact that they are in danger.
Excessive use - with certain addictions, like alcohol, a few substances and even nicotine, the person uses it excessively. The result can be shutdowns (can't recall hunks of time) or physical manifestations, for example, a sore throat and awful cough (irresistible chain-smokers).
Dropping hobbies and activities - with time, the person may start shying away from those activities that makes him happy before. This can even happen to smokers who discover that they can't physically do the sports or outdoor activities that the once enjoyed.
Having stashes - the dependent individual may have little supplies of their substance shrouded away in various parts of the house or auto; frequently in improbable spots.
Taking a large initial dose - this is usually a problem with alcohol addiction. An alcoholic might drink quickly to get drunk faster and feel good.
Having problems with the law - many of the drug and alcohol addicts(except nicotine) suffer this problem. This might be either on the grounds that the substance disables judgment and the individual goes for broke they would not take in the event that they were calm or with a specific end goal to get hold of the substance they overstep the law.
Money problems - if the drug is costly, the addicted person may neglect or cut down on other needs to afford it. In some countries, even cigarettes are very expensive, like in the UK, UK, and parts of Europe where someone who smokes two packs a day will spend '660 per month, nearly '8,000 per year.
Strained relationships - such are seen more in cases where drugs or alcohol are the substance in use.
Certain alcohol or substance abusers who aren't technically addicted might also be affected by or cause a few of the above-mentioned descriptions, though these abusers don't generally experience the withdrawal symptoms of addicts or the exact same obsession to use the substance.